紙本與線上期刊:演講中的片段

Journal-use studies have traditionally been a way to monitor use of academic libraries’ most costly resources. With the advent of online access to full-text journals, many academic libraries find themselves in the position of offering both print and electronic access to journals. In this transitional environment, measuring journal use by both access methods is essential to collection development decisions.

The Library of the Health Sciences–Peoria, a regional site library of the Library of the Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), has conducted a continuous journal-use study over an extended period of time. The reshelving method is used to record combined inhouse use, circulation, and interlibrary loan (ILL) use of current and back issues of print journals. Supplied data are used to calculate cost per use as part of collection development decisions in the face of rising costs of biomedical journals and limited budgets.

In making all deselection decisions, however, the possibility of undocumented use is considered. Other factors—such as relevance to the curriculum, standard core lists, indexing, faculty research interests and recommendations, and availability at other local libraries—are given equal consideration. The online availability of a title is a new factor in the cost-per-use equation. The library currently receives 400 print journal titles and relies on intercampus delivery from the Chicago libraries and two additional site libraries in Rockford and Urbana to supplement the collection. Fifteen online core biomedical journal titles were introduced in 1998, followed by an additional 104 titles in January 1999. Throughout 1999, an additional 1,000 journals from a variety of disciplines were added through universitywide site licenses. In January 2000, an additional 800 online journal titles with a focus in the sciences were acquired. In 2001, the number of online titles stands at approximately 4,000. Faculty, students, and staff have Internet access to these titles, dramatically increasing users’ access to the journal literature.

Desk-top access to online catalogs, bibliographic databases, and full-text journals is changing library use patterns. Gate count statistics show fewer patrons entering the library, resulting in lower inhouse use. Libraries need documented data to discern use patterns of print and electronic journal collections in this transformed information access environment. This paper describes the methodology used in a traditional journal-use study, compares print journal use during a period without online access to full-text journals to a period with access to online full-text journals, compares use of Abridged Index Medicus (AIM) titles during these time periods, and looks for significant patterns of change in print journal use over a period of five years.

有趣的數位圖書館議題:紙本的期刊與線上期刊之間的複雜關係。今天由師範大學圖書資訊學研究所在師範大學圖書館舉行的「美國政府機構數位典藏理論與實務分享研討會」中,Michael Huff 先生的演講引述了這篇有名的論文 Online journals: impact on print journal usage(Sandra L. De Groote, M.L.I.S., Visiting Assistant Health Sciences Librarian*1,2 and Josephine L. Dorsch, M.A.L.S., AHIP, Associate Professor Health Sciences Librarian1),看起來蠻有趣的。讀者如我顯然也受惠於 NIH PMC(PubMed Central)Open Access Policy,才能夠同步在演講的同時、在線上看到這篇文章。不過在場的圖管資訊領域專家、政府官員與學生顯然對於 open access 有許多不同的看法與意見;這對於來自自由軟體領域的我來說,實在也是一個很有趣的體驗。這個體驗是:Michael Huff 被介紹為「圖書館專業人士」,但是介紹資訊有很大一部份在介紹 open source / free software institution repository software,以及相關連的 open access policy 精神;在場的很多政府部門與圖書館專業者,從反映的意見與疑問卻是針對 open access 而來,並且不太相信美國會如此重視/尊重 open access 的原則與實踐。Michael Huff 最後也有提到紐西蘭土產的 greenstone open source digital library 軟體。我覺得 tcliou 與 ossf 計畫 幾乎可以到現場來放置廣告了。哈哈。並且 trc 也應該會覺得很高興,因為在他的演講中也提到並且強調了 Creative Commons 的彈性授權所創造出來的平衡解決方案與商業可能。

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